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Over the last 30 years there has been an upward trend in life expectancy at older ages in England. Figures 1 and 2 show life expectancy in England at ages 65, 75, 85 and 95 from 1981 to 2014. The data points shaded red in Figures 1 and 2 indicate where life expectancy in that year was lower than in...
There is an established relationship between salt intake and risk of high blood pressure (BP). High blood pressure (hypertension) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and scientific evidence shows that a high salt intake can contribute to the development of elevated blood pressure. The...
The Eatwell Guide is a policy tool used to define government recommendations on eating healthily and achieving a balanced diet.
SACN reviewed the evidence on vitamin D and health to see if UK dietary recommendations, set in 1991, were still appropriate. In addition to the main report, you can read the SACN press release. In a change to previous advice, SACN is now recommending: a reference nutrient intake (RNI) of 10...
This guide provides an introduction to the evaluation of public health programmes and interventions. It is written primarily for practitioners interested in evaluation of weight management, physical activity and dietary programmes, however it contains many general principles that may be applied to...
Non-diabetic hyperglycaemia, also known as pre-diabetes or impaired glucose regulation, refers to raised blood glucose levels, but not in the diabetic range.  People with non-diabetic hyperglycaemia are at increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. They are also at increased risk of other...
This document updates and extends a previously conducted systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of ‘real-world’ interventions for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in high risk populations.
These documents explain factors contributing to inequality in public health and set out methods for local bodies to reduce them. Documents The Marmot Review (2010) made a range of recommendations to reduce health inequalities in England. Building on the Review, the UCL Institute of...
Public Health England (PHE) worked with the Association of Directors of Public Health (ADPH) and the Local Government Association (LGA) to develop a masterclass to understand what PHE could do to support directors and consultants of public health to embed health and health equity in all policies...
The cold weather plan gives advice to help prevent the major avoidable effects on health during periods of cold weather in England. The documents for the 2015 to 2016 winter season include: cold weather plan making the case: why long-term strategic planning for cold weather is essential to...

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